CANDIDAL BALANITIS. DEFINITION. Balanitis refers to inflammation of the glans . The most common cause of balanitis is Candida albicans. In common usage, “balanitis” and “balanoposthitis” are interchangeable, although balanoposthitis occurs only in uncircumcised males. For the. Zoon balanitis (ZB) is one of the benign nonvenereal dermatoses, which presents as a solitary, persistent erythematous plaque usually on the glans penis.

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It is usually asymptomatic and patient only presents with change in appearance of the genitalia. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

Insulitis Hypophysitis Thyroiditis Parathyroiditis Adrenalitis. Arch Klin Exp Dermatol.

Zoon balanitis: A comprehensive review

It is an idiopathic, chronic, benign inflammatory mucositis of the genitalia that clinically presents as a solitary, shiny, well-defined erythematous plaque on the glans. Zoon balanitis ZB is one of the benign nonvenereal dermatoses, which presents as a solitary, persistent erythematous plaque usually on the glans penis primarily in the uncircumcised, middle-aged to old-aged men.

Medical management [ Table 2 ] Table 2 Various medical management of Zoon’s balanitis. Plasma cell balanitis and vulvitis of Zoon. Circumscribed plasma cell balanoposthitis and conjunctivitis in the same patient.


Most of the researchers have used TCIs in ZB for 4—8 weeks resulting in significant clinical improvement without any severe side effect. Zoon’s plasma cell balanitis: Nikolowski W, Wiehl R. It has been postulated that tacrolimus may affect the plasma cell response via its action on helper T-cells or a possible underlying T-cell dysfunction.

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Financial support and sponsorship Nil. Reflectance confocal microscopy [ 25 ] Reflectance confocal microscopy RCM is an in vivo imaging method used to obtain morphologic information about both the architecture and single cells in the epidermis and superficial dermis by Vivascope Circumcision and genital dermatoses.

Gerbig AW, Hunziker T. Circumcision debate Candiddiasica Penis disorders Theriogenology. For erythroplasia of Queyrat, a minimum of 5 years follow-up is recommended. A dog with this condition behaves normally, with the candiiasica of excessive licking at the prepuce, and a yellow green, pus -like discharge is usually present.

The diagnosis and management of nonvenereal diseases are always a tough challenge for the blanopostitis due to lack of studies on its diagnostic criteria and standard treatment guidelines. Hague J, Ilchyshyn A. Griseofulvin ineffective in balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis. Etiology Etiology and pathogenesis of this condition are still speculative.


There is only one case report of ZB treated with oral dapsone without any side effect although the mechanism of action was not clear. YAG laser to produce complete resolution in ZB. This page was last edited on 10 Septemberat The treatment of Zoon’s balanitis with the carbon dioxide laser. It is less common among people who are circumcised as in many cases the foreskin contributes to the disease. Fusidic acid cream in the treatment of plasma cell balanitis.

Hepatitis Ascending cholangitis Cholecystitis Pancreatitis Peritonitis. D ICD – For the condition in bullscaused by a acndidiasica see Bovine herpesvirus 1. Inflammation of the glans penis and the preputial mucosa of a circumcised penis. Sites affected It is most commonly located on the glans penis, but inner surface of prepuce and coronal sulcus may be involved.