Hans Peter Luhn; Published in IBM Journal of Research and Business Intelligence Systems: State-of-the-art Review and Contemporary Applications. Business Intelligence has empowered organizations to derive data-driven IBM computer scientist Hans Peter Luhn, that the potential of BI was recognized. The article, titled “A Business Intelligence System”, described “an. Luhn, H.P. () A Business Intelligence System. IBM Journal of Research and Development, 2,

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As a result of these operations the profile of a given action point has been updated to reflect interest in a currently communicated subject. His career in printing was halted by his service as intelllgence communications officer in the German Army during World War I. The microfilm copy is then recopied onto the storage medium of a document microcopy storage device. BarmenGerman Empire.

It is surprising that his name and contributions to information handling are largely forgotten. Subsequently, a copy of this query pattern is set up in the comparison device and. Ideally, an automatic system is needed intelligennce can accept information peteg its original form, disseminate the data promptly to the proper places and furnish information on demand. Open link in a new tab. After the war, Luhn entered the textile field, which eventually led him to the United States, where he invented a thread-counting gauge the Lunometer still on the market.

He joined IBM as a senior research engineer inand soon became manager of the information retrieval research division. Based on the document-input operation and the creation of profiles, the system is ready to perform the service function of selective dissemination of new information. The findings may serve to adjust the system for optimum efficiency. The following description is given in rather general terms, and references to any specific type of business have been substantially avoided.

To this end the system concerns itself with the admission or acquisition of new information, its dissemination, storage, retrieval and transmittal to the action points it serves.

Hans Peter Luhn

The processes employed, therefore, are identical. The action point may now peruse the abstracts to determine which of the documents are desired in their entirety.

The use of individual printing devices is more effective than are centrally located devices serving several action points. As indicated earlier, one of the basic requirements of the system is the ability to recognize by mechanical means the sphere of interest and the type of activities that characterize each of the action points the system is to serve.

In order to avoid such cumulative effects, the system is so arranged that the response to past interests is gradually relaxed. The title of the paper is “A Business Intelligence System,” and it appears to be the first use of the term “Business Intelligence” in its modern context.


This fraction is subject to change as time goes on, depending upon conditions to be explained later.

A Business Intelligence System – Semantic Scholar

Undoubtedly the most formidable communications problem is the sheer bulk of information that has to be dealt with. Detection of an action point having given characteristics In the process of transacting business it is often desired to determine who concerns himself with a given subject. Thus, in the case of an inquiry, the user will be required only to call the librarian, who will accept the query and will ask for any amplification which, in accordance with his experience, will be most helpful in securing the desired information.

There is also a growing need for more prompt decisions at levels of responsibility far below those customary in the past. In all other cases the original is stored in a file for a reasonably short time and thereafter destroyed, unless there are reasons for preserving it for longer periods. Luhn apparently coined the term business intelligence in that paper.

Today’s SDI systems owe a great deal to a paper by Luhn, “A Business Intelligence System”, [5] which described an “automatic method to provide current awareness services to scientists and engineers” who needed help to cope with the rapid post-war growth of scientific and technical literature.

Even the information retrieval processes mechanized so far still require appreciable human effort to organize the information before it is entered into machines. Pioneer of Information Science. An objective of the Business Intelligence System is to identify related interests by use of profiles of action points.

A number of additional useful functions which may be derived from the system are briefly described here. Each document entering the system shown in Fig. Although the service of a librarian is considered a convenience to the action point, in certain cases, means may be provided at the action-point location to permit direct access to the system.

At the same time syatem monitor will also instruct the auto-encoding device to transfer copies of the code patterns of the affected documents to the profile section of pattern storage, together with the identification of the action point involved and the date of transferal. Since this type of document is an indication of the interest of the originating action point, the information pattern derived by the auto-encoding process is not only stored in document-pattern storage but also is impressed on the profile of its originator, thereby updating it.

This method may also be used to bring together the respective inquirers to furnish an opportunity to discuss the problems which apparently brought about similar inquiries. The problem of discovering information which has a bearing on a given situation has probably received the most attention in recent years, and various mechanical systems have been developed and put into operation.


By the dawn of the computer age in the s, software became the means to surmount the limitations inherent in the punched card machines of the past.

The document-output phase deals with internally generated documents. If a list of the documents retrieved is available, the process of retrieval may be peyer simplified.

Hans Peter Luhn – Wikipedia

Today would have been his th birthday. These photocopies are then delivered to the action point. Means are provided not only to integrate this function with the rest of the system but also to produce additional useful functions, as will be described later.

Retrieved from ” https: This paper shows the busiess of such a system in identifying known information, in finding who needs to know it and in disseminating it efficiently either in abstract form or as a complete document. Since this method tends to swamp the recipients with paper, the probability of not communicating at all becomes great.

Information is now being generated and utilized at an ever-increasing rate because of the accelerated pace and scope of human activities and the steady rise in the average level of education. A predetermined portion of the words of highest frequency is then given the status of significant words and an analysis is made of all the sentences in the text containing such words.

syetem Luhn spent greater and greater amounts of time on the problems of information retrieval and storage faced by libraries peyer documentation centers, and pioneered the use of data processing equipment in resolving these problems. This device submits the document to a statistical analysis based on the physical properties of the text, and data are derived on word frequency and distribution.

An information pattern is then derived from the query document in a manner similar to that used for normal documents. In other words, it’s not enough to just collect and aggregate data; an organization must improve its capacity to complete critical tasks because of the insights gleaned from the data.